Tempus Renatus Farm

Tempus Renatus: Lipizzans

Starting in 2011, we have joined the centuries-long tradition of breeding fine Lipizzan horses. We strive for the classic Lipizzan type and avoid extremes in height and type. All the same, we try to represent the different sub-types of the Lipizzan including the tall Hungarian sporthorse and the flashy driving horse. Our stallion represents Hungarian and Imperial lines with the classic build true to his stallion line.

Conversano Ivey
conversano

Learn More About Conversano Ivey

Seraphina
seraphina

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About the Lipizzan

Taken from the USLR Website

History

Lipizzans represent over 400 years of select breeding, founded upon selection of superior horses gathered from all over the world. They not only possess beauty and nobility, but also a rare combination of courage, strength, ability, temperament, and intelligence.
The Lipizzan breed had its beginning in 1580 when Archduke Charles II established the stud farm in Lipizza (Lipica), using the best imported Spanish horses, Andalusians, Barbs and Berbers bred to the local Karst horses. The Karst horses were white in color, small, slow to mature, and extremely tough. Most people have the false idea that Lipizzans inherited their high stepping gait from the Spanish horse. It was, however, the Karst horse who gave the Lipizzan its high stepping gait.

In the late 1700's the horses were moved three times during the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon gained possession of the horses for a while and bred his Arab stallion, Vesir, to the Lipizzaners. Seven Arab stallions were used to develop the breed during the period from 1807 to 1856. They were: Siglavy, Tadmor, Gazlan, Saydan, Samson, Hadudi, and Ben Azet. From 1792 to 1815, the Kladruby horse helped to develop two of the Lipizzan lines (Maestoso & Favory). By 1880 there were 341 Lipizzan horses at the Lipizza stud farm. Of all the sires used in the 18th and 19th centuries, only six founded the original stallion lines of the Lipizzan breed: Siglavy, Neapolitano, Maestoso, Favory, Pluto, and Conversano. Later, in Croatia and Hungary, the Tulipan and Incitato lines were developed.
Until 1916, the Lipizzan stud farm always remained the private possession of the Habsburg monarchy. Up to this time, the expansion of the breed had been affected over the centuries by military conflicts. Whenever warfare threatened the Lipizza stud, the horses were moved away. During these moves, individual horses would occasionally be given or sold to other studs. From these horses came other small Lipizzan studs, usually within the boundaries of the Austrian empire.

During World War I, the breeding stock was relocated to Laxenburg near Vienna. The foals were placed in the other imperial stud farm, Kladrub. After World War I, central Europe was reorganized. The large Austrian-Hungarian Empire was divided into several new republics, and every new state inherited the possessions of the former monarchy. The breeding stock of the imperial stud farm of Lipizza (1580-1916) itself was divided among three different countries. At the time, only 208 Lipizzans were known to be left in existence. The main part (109 horses) went to Italy, to which the village of Lipizza and its surroundings had been awarded. The 1913-1915 foals remained at Kladrub, which was then owned by the Czechoslovakian state. In 1919, the republic of Austria became the owner of the rest of the breeding stock and the stallions of the Spanish Riding School. Following World War I, in addition to Italy, Czechoslovakia, and Austria, other new states which continued the breeding of the Lipizzan horse were Hungary, Rumania, and Yugoslavia.

In 1943, the Lipizzan breed was again threatened with extinction when the mares and foals from Austria, Italy, and Yugoslavia were transferred to Hostau in Czechoslovakia by the German High Command. Through the heroic efforts of the Spanish Riding School’s director, Alois Podhajsky, the school was saved yet the performance stallions were not returned to the school until 1955. In 1945, the perpetuation of the breed was guaranteed by the American army, under the command of General Patton, which retrieved the mares and returned them to Austrian soil.

Today Lipizzans are found beyond the borders of what was once the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. With less than 4,000 purebred Lipizzans in the world, the breed is considered rare, and the number of foals born each year is correspondingly small. Extreme care is taken by those involved in the production of Lipizzan horses to insure that the purity of the breed is preserved. Much effort has been expended to develop educational programs to foster voluntary adherence to the traditional breed goals and objectives.
In the late 20th century, the Lipizzan has proven to be a successful competitor at all levels of competition dressage and driving, as well as continuing to be the ultimate mount for classical horsemanship. The breed has also proven to be suitable for other equestrian disciplines including pleasure riding. Owners and breeders are dedicated to the Lipizzan breed because they appreciate its rarity, cultural importance, romantic history, and it's traits of intelligence, classical beauty, and harmonious, athletic way of moving.

Breed Standard

Definition of the outward appearance.

Among the different breeds, the Lipizzan has an exclusive position. This cultural breed is considered to be the most ancient in Europe. As a parade horse, the Lipizzan shows nobleness, expression, and talent for dressage and carriage. He must have a moderate nature (well-balanced) and a good character. The body is rectangular and the ideal height is between 155 and 158 cm* at the withers. The traditional grey color is dominant. 

Type

Both the riding and driving horse type are accepted in the Lipizzan breed. Both should be judged within its special character, extremes should be disliked. The subconvex profile throughout the body with rounded outlines is typical for the breed. 

Height

Average height, to be measured at the withers, is for males 155-158 cm. at the age of 6. It must be perfected and pointed out by scientific approach. Bigger or smaller horses must be harmonious in extra good breed character.

Color

The grey color is dominant.  Brown and black occur and should remain, all other colors are disliked.

Attitude

A natural ability for concentration with a great disposition for collected work in High School and/or large endurance for riding and driving work.

Movements

Proud and elevated action. Long, elegant and in complete balance in walk, trot and canter.

Head

Well proportioned, of medium length, narrow and dry, with not too pronounced lower jaw and the cheek inclined to be round. As lightly convex profile belongs to the breed character, the too fine (Arabic) and the too convex (ram head) should occur only in low frequency. The eyes intend to be large and dark, expressive and confident, the ears are of medium length, fine and expressive.

Neck

Medium length, arched with a narrow mainline, the junction between head and neck is not too narrow, the neck is deep in the base and well inserted between the shoulders, rising up from the withers without interruption.

Withers

Well developed and long, not well expressed, with a smooth transition from the back to the neck, always higher than the croup.

Chest

Of medium size, deep and muscular.

Ribcage

Well developed, deep and not too long, with ribs obliquely arched in to the joint with the spinal column.

Shoulder

Should be long, sloping and well muscled.

Back

Well defined and tending towards the horizontal, making a smooth union between withers and loins.

Loins

Short, wide, muscular, slightly convex, well connected with the back and croup, with which they form a continuous harmonious line.

Croup

Strong and rounded, well muscled and balanced, slightly sloping, the length must not be shorter than the width, the profile convex and harmonious, with the point of the hip not too pronounced. The tail must not be set too deep, with long and silky hair.

Legs

The legs are well muscled, with regular angles. The joints well proportioned and dry. The upper arm straight and muscular. The cannons are not too long. The fetlocks are dry, with very little hair. The pasterns are of medium length and regularly angled.

Hooves

The hooves are hard, of good quality, well defined and proportional.

Temperament and Character

Noble, generous and ardent, but always gentle, friendly, willing to work, able to bear pressure and directed to men.
* Between 15.1h and 15.2½h